Nanjing is a city situated in the heartland of the lower Yangtze River region in China, which has long been a major centre of culture, education, research, politics, economy, transport networks and tourism. It is the capital city of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in East China region, with an area of 6,600 km2 (2,500 sq mi) and a total population of 10,230,000. The inner area of Nanjing enclosed by the city wall is Nanjing City (南京城), with an area of 55 km2.
As the capital of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing is a popular travel destination in China with abundant historical and cultural heritages. In ancient China, Nanjing served as the capital of Wu, Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties (Song, Qi, Liang, Chen) for a total of over 500 years. 6000 years' history left Nanjing plenty of historical heritages and made it one of the Four Ancient Capitals of China together with Beijing, Luoyang and Xi'an. No matter it is glorious or devastated, Nanjing has always been a cultural melting pot to fuse the East and the West. Here, history, urbanization and nature can be captured simultaneously.
Situated in the lower reaches of Yangtze River near Shanghai, Nanjing enjoys a golden waterway with China’s longest river flowing through it. It is endowed with rich natural resources and boasts a pleasant climate that enables an abundance of plants to thrive. Enclosed by mountains and rivers, and located in a strategic place, it boasts picturesque scenery that blends natural landscape with towering modern buildings, integrating traditional styles with modern civilization.
Nanjing boasts many high-quality universities and research institutes, with the number of universities listed in 100 National Key Universities ranking third, including Nanjing University and Southeast University. The ratio of college students to total population ranks No.1 among large cities nationwide. Nanjing is one of the top three Chinese scientific research centers, especially in the chemical sciences, according to the Nature Index.
Nanjing has served as the capital city of Jiangsu province since the establishment of the People's Republic of China. It boasts many important heritage sites, including the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum and Presidential Palace. Nanjing is famous for human historical landscapes, mountains and waters such as Fuzimiao, Ming Palace, Chaotian Palace, Porcelain Tower, Drum Tower, Stone City, City Wall, Qinhuai River, Xuanwu Lake and Purple Mountain. Key cultural facilities include Nanjing Library, Nanjing Museum and Art Museum.